The ASEAN is a regional organization of Southeast Asian countries. The word ASEAN stands for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. This successful organization was established on August 8, 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand. It is considered as a geopolitical and economic organization in the Southeast part of Asia. It has started its activities with five members and those are Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand. Very few years later Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam also joined in this organization.
On August 8, 1967- at the main hall of Bangkok’s Foreign Affairs building, the Foreign Ministers of Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia – are seated together and signed in a document named Bangkok Declaration or ASEAN Declaration. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was born, by the virtue of that declaration. The Five Foreign Ministers who signed into that document are being hailed as the founders of this great successful intergovernmental organization of the developing world.
The reason behind the setting up of the organization:
ASEAN has been set up to build a mutual understanding among the members of this community. In addition, their aim is to establish a strong economic community. The main reason of setting up this organization can be counted with 7 specific principles.
1) To accelerate the social, cultural and economic progress through mutual endeavors.
2) To work mutually as a United Nations and to encourage regional peace and constancy.
3) To create mutual assistance in social, cultural, economic and technical fields.
4) To provide assistance through research and training facilities to each other in the field of educational, technical and administrative spheres.
5) To co-operate effectively to make great use of the agriculture and industries through expanding trade and transportation among the countries.
6) To assist in the Southeast Asian studies.
7) To maintain unique aims and purpose in the different existing international organization, and to explore closer cooperation among the countries.
The main objectives of the organization:
The main objectives of this organization are to speed up the economic growth, social progress and cultural growth in the region through joint efforts in the spirit of equality and partnership. ASEAN wants to strengthen the foundation as prosperous as well as a peaceful community of Southeast Asia. The organization works through providing assistance to each other in improving the education and human development among the countries. Another important reason is promoting regional peace and stability. ASEAN works to promote all of their members like a unique community that works together for the betterment of their social, economical and cultural progress. Moreover, the organization tries to manage mutual funding for the development in all sectors of a country.